Glaucoma is an eye disease characterized by the buildup of internal eye pressure (also called IOP, which stands for intraocular pressure), and is the second-leading cause of blindness in the United States.
 
The good news is Glaucoma can be detected through a routine examination administered by an Epic Vision eye doctor!

 
Detecting and Treating Glaucoma
 
Because glaucoma rarely causes symptoms in its early stages, it is extremely important to schedule annual trips to the eye doctor, especially for those who are 40 or older. If you are experiencing sudden decrease of vision, extreme eye pain, headache, nausea and vomiting, glare and light sensitivity, tearing or enlargement of the cornea, you should immediately schedule an eye exam with an Epic Vision doctor.
 
There are several different medical conditions that increase a person’s risk of developing glaucoma. They include:
  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Leukemia
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Arthritis
There are also several different forms of glaucoma, each with different factors that contribute to elevated IOP and optic nerve damage. The most common types of glaucoma are:
  • Open-Angle Glaucoma – this is the most common form of glaucoma, affecting approximately three million Americans.
  • Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma – only about 10% of glaucoma cases are determined to be this form of glaucoma.
  • Normal-Tension Glaucoma – normal-tension glaucoma is similar to open-angle glaucoma. The cause of normal-tension glaucoma is not known.
  • Pigmentary Glaucoma – this is a rare form of glaucoma caused when the iris deposits pigment and prevents the eye’s fluid from leaving the eye.
  • Secondary Glaucoma– this type occurs as a result of another disease or problem within the eye.
  • Congenital Glaucoma – generally seen in infants, congenital glaucoma is a rare type of glaucoma.
Most glaucoma patients find they can control their eye pressure with the help of medication only. But, in cases where medication doe not lower IOP satisfactorily, surgery is suggested. There are several types of procedures, but the objective of each is to allow fluid to drain from the eye effectively.

 
Remember, glaucoma can be detected through a routine eye examination administered by an Epic Vision eye doctor. Make yours today!
EPIC VISION
North OKC/Edmond
3840 South Boulevard
Suite 101
Edmond, OK 73013
(405) 471-5252
Fax (405) 726-8530
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