Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a painless eye disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving.
Effects of AMD
AMD does not cause total blindness. In some cases, AMD advances so slowly that people notice little vision change. In others, the disease progresses faster and may lead to a loss of central vision in both eyes. AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 60 years of age and older.
Forms of AMD
Dry AMD, the most common form of AMD, occurs when light sensitive cells in the macula (located in the retina) slowly break down. Dry AMD generally affects both eyes, but vision can be lost in one eye while the other eye seems unaffected. Dry AMD can progress to Wet AMD, although only in 15% of cases.
Wet AMD occurs when abnormal blood vessels begin growing under the macula. Vision damage occurs rapidly. One early symptom is straight lines that appear to be wavy. While there is no cure for Wet AMD, it can be treated with laser surgery, photodynamic therapy and eye injections.
Recent studies also show that a healthy diet high in green leafy vegetables and fish, plus dietary supplements containing anti-oxidant vitamins, minerals and zinc can significantly reduce the risk of advanced AMD.

If you notice this condition or other changes to your vision, contact your Epic Vision eye doctor immediately.
North OKC/Edmond
3840 South Boulevard
Suite 101
Edmond, OK 73013
(405) 471-5252
Fax (405) 726-8530
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